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 Passing Bills of Law

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PostSubject: Passing Bills of Law   Tue Jan 27, 2015 4:45 pm

REPUBLIC OF LIGA  REPUBLIQUE DU LIGA

Passing Bills of Law

Step 1: Drafting of Bills


A bill is a proposed law. It may be drafted by any competent person. The Ligirian Legislative Commission drafts bills at the request of the members of THE PEOPLE'S REPRESENTATIVES.

Step2: Introduction of Bills


Only a member of THE PEOPLE'S REPRESENTATIVES may introduce a bill - that is, present it to the THE SENATE for its consideration - and that member is called the bill's introducer or sponsor.

At the proper time during each daily session, the presiding officer announces "Introduction of Bills and Resolutions." A member wishing to introduce a bill has already filed the bill with the Principal Clerk on the previous legislative day when it received a bill number. The Reading Clerk reads aloud the name of the introducer, the bill number, and the bill title. At this point the bill has passed its first reading.

Step 3: Reference to Committee


Normally, when a bill is introduced, an appointed Senate Committee for Senate bills and the Speaker of THE PEOPLE'S REPRESENTATIVES  for House bills name a committee to which the bill will be assigned for careful study and recommendation. If the committee approves the bill, it reports this fact and the bill is placed on the calendar - the daily schedule of business - for consideration by the full membership of the body. Changes to the bill called "amendments" may be recommended by the committee or may be proposed by any member from the floor.

Step 4: Consideration THE PEOPLE'S REPRESENTATIVES


When the time comes for a consideration of the bill by the full membership of THE PEOPLE'S REPRESENTATIVES, the Chair will recognize the sponsor of the bill or the chair of the committee which recommended the bill for passage. That person will explain the bill, and then any member who wishes to speak for or against the bill will be heard. Sometimes there is lengthy and heated debate; sometimes there is virtually no debate at all. After all who wish to be heard have spoken, a vote is taken. If the vote is favorable, the bill is said to have passed its second reading and moves to its third and final reading, at which time there may be more debate.

Step 5: Consideration by THE SENATE


After a bill has passed its third reading in the house in which it was introduced, it is sent to the SENATE, where it goes through the same process as in THE PEOPLE'S REPRESENTATIVES - that is, it is referred to committee, and if approved, is debated and voted on at the second and third readings on the floor.

Step 6: Concurrence in Amendments


It often happens that the SENATE will make changes in a bill which was passed by the house in which the bill originated. In such cases the bill must be returned to the house of origin, THE PEOPLE'S REPRESENTATIVES with a request that that body concur in the changes. If the original house does concur, the bill is ready to be enrolled and signed into law.

If the original house, THE PEOPLE'S REPRESENTATIVES objects to the amendments adopted in the SENATE, the two presiding officers may appoint members to a conference committee which seeks to reconcile the differences between the two houses. If the committee can agree upon the disputed subject, the committee reports to each house, and the two houses vote on the recommended text. If either house rejects the conference committee's recommendation, new members to the conference committee may be appointed to try again, otherwise the bill is defeated.

Step 7: Enrollment, Ratification, and Publication


After a bill passes both houses, it is enrolled. A clean copy, including all amendments, is prepared, with space for the signatures of the Secretary of State and the President, if necessary. (Officials)
If the President does not sign within 30 days the bill is automatically rejected. The President will offer his objections in amendments or pure rejection.

Amendment 1

A bill of law can have a set date of voting or in effect. If that date passes and the are no counter votes the bill is automatically approved.



Source: Labberlot University
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